Disasters and emergencies are a fact of life and are generally not something we can control. But you can reduce the impact of a disaster or an emergency in your life by planning ahead.
In dealing with an emergency, it is best not to make assumptions. Find out if there is an emergency or evacuation plan for your workplace or apartment building. Also, learn what the disaster services are in your area for the elderly or for people with disabilities.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) suggests steps that you can take to prepare for emergencies:
Determine your risk by identifying possible hazards and emergencies that commonly occur in your area
Plan for emergencies that may occur. You can accomplish this by keeping your family members well informed on potential hazards, and have a plan of action in place. These may include escape routes, evacuation plans, family communication, utility shut-off and safety, important records, special needs, care for pets, etc.
Assemble an emergency supply kit. You would need to have at least three days worth of food, water, and other supplies to survive on your own after a disaster.
To find out more details, go to: http://www.fema.gov/